The Iran Nuclear Deal and DanMUN 2019

On February 1st 2019, President Hasan Ruhani declares Iran’s intention to officially withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. This decision comes following months of increasing tensions since President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the agreement. The declaration by Iran to withdraw from its side of the agreement inevitably renders the JCPOA inoperable, as the deal was struck between the states with the fundamental goal being to monitor and restrict Iran’s nuclear program.

On the contrary, Iran has now declared its intention to reinstate its ‘peaceful nuclear program’, without interference from the international community or supervision from the International Atomic Energy Agency. This decision causes tension and concern globally, with the direct stakeholders now under pressure to respond accordingly. The direct stakeholders, of course, include those remaining parties to the JCPOA, including the European Union, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, the People’s Republic of China, France and Germany. However the scenario also involves the international community as a whole, in terms of the potential threat to peace and security.

It is therefore now the current responsibility of the Security Council to meet and determine the appropriate course of action, resulting in a binding resolution. The Security Council will have many factors to consider, giving regard to diplomatic relations, the potential for re-negotiation/new deal, the prospect of economic sanctions against Iran and the consequences for international trade, the likelihood of sophisticated nuclear development, and the possibility of Iran’s non-compliance.

The ultimate goal of the Security Council session will be for delegates to collaborate and reach a final Resolution which contributes to the effective safeguarding of the international community, and promotes sustainable peace.